In Athens, we are scoping stakeholders that provide a range of services to refugees, from “frontline” aid to long-term support. Interviews with the civil sector have emphasised the changing opportunities and landscape of European support and integration as humanitarian provision needs to be extended to work and training opportunities to those refugees who can stay. The dynamics of these programmes – from the types of livelihood opportunities to their financing arrangements – are examined through our research.

In Greece, NGOs and a vibrant volunteer sector are currently occupying the ‘gap’ left by an under-resourced public sector, but there is also a growing space and demand for private sector involvement. Exarcheia, a neighbourhood with a long-standing history of anarchist activity, has emerged as one of the central sites in which refugee provisioning takes place, and from where we have been based.